Jessica Martin » Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy and Physiology Syllabus-Dual Enrollment

Student Syllabus 2021-2022

Penns Valley High School





COURSE DESCRIPTION: This course provides a comprehensive study of the anatomy and physiology of the human body. A course that will enable students to develop an understanding of the relationships between the structures and functions of the human body. Students will learn the mechanisms for maintaining homeostasis within the human body through the integration of body organization; histology; and the various systems of the human body.


COURSE GOAL: Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an in-depth understanding of principles of anatomy and physiology and their interrelationships. Laboratory work may include dissection of preserved specimens, microscopic study, physiologic experiments, computer simulations, and multimedia presentations.


LEARNING OUTCOMES / EXPECTATIONS: Upon completion of this course, the student will demonstrate basic knowledge in the following:

          • Explain the concept of homeostasis, how it interrelates basic human body functions and life processes, and demonstrate a knowledge of the organization of the human body.
          • Describe the major anatomical components of each human body system studied, describe briefly their anatomical locations and general structures, and explain their physiological functions.
          • Apply the concepts learned to understand and analyze laboratory activities and observations.


COURSE INFORMATION: Course information will be located in the Schoology classroom. The Schoology Course Code is _________________________.


ATTENDANCE POLICY: The PVASD policy will be followed with a course specific understanding by the learner that specific lab experiences and practical will not be able to be made up beyond a short extension due to the exhaustible nature of the material.


ACADEMIC HONESTY AND INTEGRITY:  All students are expected to be honest in their academic work and to display integrity in the demonstration of their achieved competencies. Cheating or other willful decisions on the part of the learner to be dishonest in the representation of their work or others as his/her own, is unacceptable behavior and the learner will receive a score of zero for work submitted. Administration and parents will be notified.


STUDENT ASSESSMENTS:  Multiple forms of demonstration for learning will be used to score the learner in their knowledge of the course content.

        • Unit exams will consist of the key content information covered during the unit in lecture, activities, lab, and practice time. The exams will be lengthy and comprehensive of the unit content.
        • Quizzes will be administered frequently throughout the unit for each learner to determine personal focus areas within the content unit. Identification quizzes of anatomical structures cannot be retaken.
        • Lab Practicals will test the learners ability to identify structures (via specimens or model) at the tissue, and organ systems levels. Lab practical exams CAN NOT be made up beyond a one day extension.


Grading will be based on formal comprehensive assessments, quizzes, and lab practicals along with lab reports that are generated to test ideas about the content of anatomy or physiology.

A comprehensive final or a comprehensive homeostasis report will be given that is 20%  of the final course grade.

Grading Scale: PVASD board accepted grading scale.



Shier, Hole's Human Anatomy & Physiology, 2019, 15e, By: David Shier and Jackie Butler and Ricki Lewis Copyright: 2019  MHID: 0076849155 |  ISBN 13: 9780076849154


CONTENT OUTLINE: (* might not learn due to time constraints)

I. Organization of the Body - Students will become familiar with the sciences of Anatomy and Physiology. (8 days)
  1. Characteristics of life
  2. Organization of the body (organ systems)
  3. Body Cavities and Serous Membranes
  4. Planes of the body and body regions
  5. Introduction to homeostasis
  6. Exploration of health careers (on going throughout course)


II. Cells -Tissues: Four Basic Types - Students will become familiar with human tissue types and functions. (15 days)
  1. Cell Structure and function of organelles as it relates to body systems
  2. Movement of substances (osmosis and diffusion)*
  3. Location and function of the different types of tissue
  4. Identify epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous tissue
  5. Introduction to integumentary system and it functioning tissues

Labs: Practical on Histology; Kidney Dialysis Lab*


III. The Skeletal System (Charts and Skeleton) - Students will become familiar with the skeletal system and its functions. (15 days)

  1. Microscopic structure of bone tissue
  2. Identify the bones of the body Axial and Appendicular
  3. Compare difference between male and female skeletons
  4. Changes in bones during aging
  5. Articulation and different types of joints

Labs: STEM incorporation of bone fractures and surgical repair; Bone identification practicums (Axial and Appendicular)


IV. The Muscular System - Students will become familiar with the muscular system and its functions. (15 days)
  1. Skeletal muscle cells - microscopic structures and functions
  2. Identification of superficial muscles - face, neck, arms, thorax, abdomen, and legs
  3. Basic principles of muscular contraction

Lab: Muscle identification practicum, Cat dissection and muscle identification


V. The Nervous System - Students will become familiar with the nervous system and its functions. (10 days)
  1. Two main divisions of the autonomic nervous system
  2. Nerve impulses (neurons) and action potential
  3. Brain - structure and function of individual parts
  4. Location of meninges and ventricles

Labs:  Sheep brain dissection,  Effects of Drugs*


VI. The Circulatory System - Students will become familiar with the human heart and circulatory system. (15 days)
  1. Anatomy of the heart
  2. Cardiac cycle, heart rate, and pulse
  3. Identify major arteries and veins
  4. Measurement of blood pressure using the sphygmomanometer *
  5. Respiration and lung capacity*

Labs: Effects of different types of exercise on heart rate and calculated CO2 /O2 output*, Sheep and cat heart dissection, heart function capacity*


VII. The Digestive System - Students will become familiar with the digestive system and its structure and function. (8 days)

  1. Organs involved in digestion
  2. The alimentary canal and accessory organs
  3. Metabolism and energy balance (basal metabolic rate)*
  4. Disorders of the digestive system*

Lab: Cat digestive system video


VIII. Endocrine System* - Students will become familiar with the endocrine system and its structure and function.

  1. Basic functions of the endocrine system as relates to homeostasis
  2. Hormones and health

Lab: Coroner's Report


IX. Homeostasis Research Report

The Homeostasis Research Report will consist of in depth research pertaining to how the human body maintains homeostasis. The structures (anatomy) and functions (physiology) of four of the unit topics will be researched and discussed. The research paper will be in APA format.



The high school desires to participate in the Mount Aloysius College in High School program in

order to provide courses at the High School for which its students may earn college credit in

consideration of the mutual covenants contained herein, the College and the High School agree to cooperate as follows:



      1. Review the curriculum of the high school to determine its equivalence to a college course or courses, if the high school is going to continue to use its own curriculum.
      2. Provide the college course outline and textbook information to the high school, if the high school is going to adopt the college course.
      3. Provide for the registration of high school students in the appropriate course if both the curriculum and the high school faculty are approved for the program.
      4. Tuition will be $_____ per credit for the 2021-22 school year. There is no registration fee.
      5. Tuition will continue to be paid directly to the college by the high school student.
      6. Provide official college transcripts which include the course or courses taken through the program when requested by the high school student. The prevailing transcript processing fee will apply.



Students who meet all of the following criteria are qualified to participate in the program:

      1. The high school student has taken biology.
      2. The student demonstrates readiness for college-level coursework in the intended subject area of study as determined by the school district.
      3. In order to remain in this program, the student must maintain a secondary school grade point average of 3.0 in the applicable subject area of study.
      4. The student also must maintain a minimum grade of 2.0 in each dual enrollment course in which the student is enrolled.
      5. High school personnel should make all participating dual enrollment students aware of taking sequential science and math courses in their freshman or sophomore years. For example, taking Calculus or Physics as a freshman or sophomore in high school and then having to take Calculus II or Physics II in college after a 2 or 3 year hiatus could be potentially challenging for the student.
      6. Cautionary measures should be discussed with all participants.



  • Apply at this website:
  • Needed information– School email address, social security number, address
  • Choose your school/course(s)
  • Credits and cost will automatically populate
  • Pay online – do not send payment to PV



Notices required under this agreement and other correspondence shall be addressed to:

            Mount Aloysius College

            Attn: Kelley Sable                               Andrew Clouse

            7373 Admiral Peary Highway             Director of Enrollment Management

Cresson, PA 16630                            [email protected]

            [email protected]                           1-814-886-6480

            1-888-823-2220 ext. 2










Registration deadline is _______________.



Anatomy & Physiology Classroom Procedures:
This course is a college course. You are expected to come to class ready to learn. Learning is social; therefore, you will be involved in learning activities in which you will need to collaborate with each other. 
FID Day:
Hello Anatomy Students!
Please go to Schoology and open the folder titled: Flexible Instruction Day. Complete the assignment titled "Flexible Instruction Day (date)". My office hours are from 11:00 - 12:00 and 12:00 - 1:00. Please enter my zoom room for any questions. You can also access Mrs. Bower's zoom from her website. 
Enjoy your FID day!